How to stop
Voles are also called Meadow mice or Meadow mouse or Meadow or Prairie or Field or mole or garden voles. A lot of different names for the same little mouse like creäture.
WHAT IS A VOLE
A vole is strikingly similar to pocket gophers in their looks. They scurry to and fro above and below ground leaving well-worn trails that connect to hidden openings to shallow tunnels. They include red backed, pine, California, bank voles, the meadow jumping mouse as well as other local varieties.
Because they are poor climbers, they do not usually enter houses. A diet consists of grasses, bulbs, tubers and the roots and bark of trees.
VOLE CONTROL and WHAT DO THEY EAT: According to University of California experts, pest control for voles is required because they cause damage by feeding on garden plants such as beet, artichoke, cabbage, brussel sprouts, carrot, cauliflower, celery, lettuce, turnip, sweet potato, spinach, and tomato. Grass and other landscape plantings such as lilies and dichondra may be damaged.
MORE DAMAGE: Voles will gnaw the bark of fruit trees including almond, apple, avocado, cherry, citrus, and olive. Damage to tree trunks normally occurs from a few inches above ground to a few inches below ground.
If the damage is below ground, you will need to remove soil from the base of the tree to see it. They girdle trees and roots effectively killing the affected tree.
- Maintenance of the surrounding areas is key to control them as well as cut the numbers of them, that is removing the cover they need to travel to feed and escape predators. This can be accomplished with herbicides, mowing, tilling, etc.
- Fences with 1/4 inch grids will deter most from entering and feeding however they fence bottom must be buried at least 6 inches to stop them from burrowing under it.
- TRAPS: Trapping them is done by using mouse traps placed along runways with or without bait. Dead rodents should not be handled and should be placed in a bag and trashed or buried.
- POISON Toxic baits work effectively but again the poison must be placed along the runways to be eaten and it will kill them after several days.
- Organic or natural prevention occurs as they are hunted by many small animal predators as well as owls and hawks who consume a lot and usually keep the population under control.
- Fumigation of the tunnel system works sometimes.
- Flooding the tunnels is not effective.